False Confessions. Psychological Effects of Interrogation. A Discussion Paper. In A. Trankell (Ed.), Psychological Effects of Interrogation. A Discussion Paper.
The Social Psychology of False Confessions Saul M. Kassin John Jay College of Criminal Justice Inspired by DNA exoneration cases and other wrongful convictions of innocent people who had confessed to crimes they did not commit, and drawing from basic principles of social perception and social influence, a vast body of research has focused on the social psychology of confessions. In particular.
Voluntary false confession. Voluntary false confessions occur when the interviewee falsely confesses for personal reason without pressure. Possible reasons that suspect give false confession are: to exempt feelings of guilt about a real or imagined crime or situation in the past (this is most possible to happen for people with depression, Gudjonsson, 1992).
A national epidemiological study investigating risk factors for police interrogation and false confession among juveniles and young persons. Gisli H. Gudjonsson, King’s College London and Reykjavik University, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson, Reykjavik University, University of Iceland and Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir and Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir.
Investigating the interplay between the reported witnessing and experiencing of physical violence within the home, the death of a parent or sibling, stress-sensitivity, and reported false confessions in males. Personality and Individual Differences, 88, 114-119. Gudjonsson, G. (2016). False confession among individuals with ADHD.
The study suggests that discourse-pragmatic approaches to investigative interviews of vulnerable interviewees can contribute to a better understanding of miscommunication and false confessions.
One study determined that withdrawal characteristics substantially impair the cognitive abilities of a defendant and enhance suggestibility, oftentimes leading to misleading statements or false confessions due to the possibility of short term gains (Gudjonsson, 1993; Gudjonsson et al., 2002). The need to escape the constrictive confines of the interrogation room, coupled with a need to acquire.
A false confession occurs when a defendant, admits to a crime that they did not commit. The psychological process of false confessions is complex. However, the research reviewed by our expert psychologists and their practical experience of working with defendants and in the criminal justice system demonstrates that some individuals are psychologically more likely to confess to crimes than.